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How Our Hopkinsville, Clarksville, and Madisonville Ophthalmologists Help Preserve Eye and Vision Health
A branch of medicine concentrating on eye physiology and anatomy and disorders/diseases affecting the eyes, ophthalmology differs from optometry treatment of ocular conditions. While an optometrist can diagnose refractive errors, such as astigmatism or nearsightendess, and write prescriptions for corrective lenses, an ophthalmologist is qualified to diagnose vision issues, write prescriptions and perform surgery for correction or restoration of vision. For example, our Hopkinsville, Madisonville and Clarksville ophthalmologists can perform cataract surgery, eye laser procedures, tear duct surgery and eye muscle repair surgery. Our specialized eye doctors at Calvert Ophthalmology Center also offer LASIK, surgical removal of eyelid tumors, reconstructive eyelid surgery and diabetic retinopathy treatment.
Training and Education to Become an Ophthalmologist
Ophthalmologists are medical doctors with degrees from a four-year university and medical school . Following completion of medical school, an ophthalmologist must complete several years of internship working at a clinic or hospital alongside other board-certified ophthalmologists. These residency programs should be accredited by the American Osteopath Association or the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and board certified by the American Osteopathic Board of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology or the American Board of Ophthalmology. In addition, licensed ophthalmologists must meet requirements of continuing education programs to recertify and maintain their licensure. Ophthalmology training covers all aspects of vision and eye care, eye diseases and treatment protocols. In addition, ophthalmologists take active roles in conducting ongoing research regarding etiology and treatment for eye and vision disorders.
Subspecialties of Ophthalmology
Glaucoma detection and management--glaucoma can cause progressive loss of vision due to increased ocular pressure inflicting damage on the optic nerve. By performing one or more tests designed to detect glaucoma, your Hopkinsville ophthalmologist can discover this disease in its early stages to develop a treatment plan as soon as possible.
Corneal Diseases--diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting your cornea, sclera (the white part of your eyes) involve ophthalmologists performing corneal transplant surgery or surgery to restore scleral health.
Neuro-ophthalmology--a nonsurgical specialty addressing visual pathway and optic nerve diseases. Neuro-ophthalmology also involves the correlation between ophthalmic and neurological diseases.
Ophthalmic Pathology--ophthalmic pathologists examine ocular tissue samples to provide diagnosis of eye diseases and vision problems caused by eye disorders.
Ophthalmic cosmetic surgery-- ophthalmologists specializing in cosmetic surgery of the eyelids and orbital areas perform reconstructive surgery on eye-related components for aesthetic or functional purposes.
Pediatric Ophthalmology--a subfield of ophthalmology, pediatric ophthalmology focuses on childhood vision problems and eye diseases Pediatric ophthalmologists also provide both invasive and noninvasive treatment of genetic ocular abnormalities emerging in childhood.
Vitreoretinal disease treatment-- a vitreoretinal ophthalmologist uses angiography, ultrasound fluorescein and electrophysiology to diagnose diseases of the vitreous humor and retina. Surgical techniques to repair damage done by a vitreoretinal disease include laser therapy, cryotherapy, retinal detachment surgery and vitrectomy.
Eye Specialty Services at Calvert Ophthalmology Center in Madisonville, Hopkinsville, KY and Clarksville, TN
Calvert Ophthalmology Center has 3 offices in Madisonville, Hopkinsville, KY and Clarksville, TN areas. Complete eye exams for all ages, contact lens fittings and hard-to-fit contact lenses are available at our H.M. Calvert M.D. & Associates optometry centers in Clarksville, Franklin, TN and Bowling Green, KY. If you have vision issues such as myopia, hyperopia or astigmatism and wish you didn't have to wear eyeglasses or contacts, we invite you to call Calvert Ophthalmology Center today to learn about orthokeratology, or Ortho-K lenses. Wearing customized Ortho-K lenses while you sleep can reshape your cornea naturally and painlessly so your cornea improves its ability to transmit light images to your retina. The result--your vision is improved enough so you don't have to wear corrective lenses during the day.